Property requirements to be enrolled in CREP must meet location and cropping history of being planted or considered planted four of the six crop years from 2002 to 2007 (marginal pastureland is also eligible) and be owned by the landowner for a minimum of one year prior to enrollment. Umatilla County Soil & Water Conservation District CREP Technician will meet with you onsite to evaluate the land as well as potential benefits to stream recovery, and to outline any legal concerns. If the landowner wishes to continue, they will meet with Farm Service Agency to begin working on the contracts through the CREP/and the Conservation Reserve Program.
Umatilla County Soil & Water Conservation District's Role:
The UCSWCD will help in:
Creating applications for CREP
Conducting individual site assessments
Introducing new techniques to landowners
Providing technical support during and after planting
If you are interested, Umatilla County Soil & Water Conservation District CREP Technician can assist your community and help with individual plans.
Keeping your plantings, free of weeds is a battle, but if you approach it with a strategic plan, you will prevail. In order to develop a plan, you first must understand how weeds work, and what kind of weeds you are dealing with.
Basically weeds grow either from seed, or they reproduce from their roots. As the roots grow outward from the parent plant new plants sprout up from the lateral roots, creating more parent plants and the process continues and the weeds thrive. Weeds that tend to reproduce from the root are usually more difficult to control. Weed control facts? Depending on the time of the year, there are a few billion weed seeds drifting through the air at any given time, so to think that you can eventually rid a garden of weed seed is false thinking, but at least this process is effective for the remaining roots, which are the most difficult to control.
Weed controls facts? Weeds are plants, and they function just like the desirable plants in your yard. They need water, sunlight, and nutrition to survive. Of these three key survival needs, the easiest one to eliminate is sunlight. Through proper mulching you can eliminate the sunlight.
Mulch mats have shown in some cases to improve soil structure, keep soil cooler during high summer temperatures, conserve water and even aid in the suppression of root rotting fungi. But perhaps the most apparent quality mulches have, are their effect on the suppression of weeds. Weed control using a sufficient depth of the applied mulch can provide control which is comparable to the application of herbicides. Mulches have a lesser effect against established perennial weeds which can emerge through deep layers of the applied mulch.
Again, keep in mind, weeding is a battle. But with a strategic plan, it can be won!
Mats help with weed control but they can't do it all by themselves.
Oregon’s CREP (Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program) a Farm Service Agency’s Conservation Reserve Program & the State of Oregon have a conservation buffer called “CP29 Marginal Pastureland Wildlife Habitat Buffer”.
This program provides an excellent opportunity to provide food and cover for wildlife as well as recreational opportunities for landowners.
The Wildlife Habitat Buffer can be applied on pastureland adjacent to seasonal and year round streams and creeks.
The Wildlife Habitat Buffer shall be seeded to natural vegetation consisting of a mixture of native grasses, shrubs and forbs. Seeding methods can be as simple as broadcasting or using a drill. The Wildlife Habitat Buffer can be as narrow as 20 feet or as wide as 180 feet along the entire length of the stream or creek.
The Wildlife Habitat Buffer is eligible for annual rental rate for 10 to 15 years, a bonus for signing up and a practice incentive bonus upon completion. FSA and Oregon will share the cost for preparing the seedbed, seed and seeding. Conservation practices such as fencing and livestock watering facilities are also cost shared.
The Wildlife Habit Buffer is user friendly for the landowner and our local wildlife. A County SWCD or NRCS agency conservationist assists the landowner with the selection of native vegetation that naturally occurs on your soil type and develops an annual operations and maintenance plan to ensure the success of your buffer.
Please call the Umatilla Co. SWCD (541) 276-8131 for an appointment to discuss this wildlife habitat opportunity and the program details of this conservation buffer!
The continuous Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) sign-up makes the use of conservation buffers economically attractive. You can sign up any day at your local U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) ServiceCenter ... without having to make a competitive offer as required during the general CRP sign-up. Your offer will be automatically accepted if all eligibility requirements are met. Best described as strips or small areas of land in permanent vegetation, conservation buffers help control potential pollutants and manage other environmental concerns. Filter strips, field borders, grassed waterways, field windbreaks, shelterbelts, contour grass strips, and riparian (streamside) buffers are all examples of conservation buffers. This program allows you to establish certain conservation buffer practices on cropland and marginal pasture and enroll the land in the CRP at any time without having to go through the process of submitting a competitive offer.
If you have land covered by an expiring CRP contract, you don't have to make an "all-or-nothing" choice about bringing the land out of CRP. You decide what land to enroll in the program.